Buffalo Head Cichlid (Steatocranus casuarius)


A medium-sized, stream dwelling cichlid originating in the Congo River basin in Central Africa, the Buffalo Head, Lionhead, or Blockhead Cichlid has been popular in the aquarium hobby for many years and is now commercially bred for the trade. In the wild, these fish are adapted for life in fast-flowing waters, and are powerful swimmers with reduced swim bladders which spend most of their time on the bottom of the aquarium. An active and interesting aquarium resident, they prefer fine substrate and plenty of structure in the form of rocks or driftwood. Males will pick out and actively defend a territory from rivals but are generally peaceful towards other tankmates. Although hardy and adaptable, they will do best in conditions similar to their wild habitat, especially well-oxygenated water with moderate to strong current.



Buffalo Head Cichlid (Steatocranus casuarius)

Origin: Aquacultured Asia
Diet: Omnivore and micropredator, will readily accept most small frozen or prepared foods
Adult Size: 4.5″
Recommended Tank Size: 20+ gallons
Compatibility: Peaceful for an African cichlid and can be kept in a community tank with fast swimmers

Preferred Water Parameters
pH:                          7.5 – 8.5
Temp:                     76-82F
Ammonia:              0ppm
Nitrite:                    0ppm
Nitrate:                  <30ppm